ACL 2001 Workshop on HLT and KM



ACL'2001 Conference
Toulouse, France
July 6-7, 2001


Human language technologies promise solutions to challenges in human computer interaction, information access, and knowledge management. Advances in technology areas such as indexing, retrieval, transcription, extraction, translation, and summarization offer new capabilities for learning, playing and conducting business. This includes enhanced awareness, creation and dissemination of enterprise expertise and know-how.

This workshop aimed to bring together the community of computational linguists working in a range of areas (e.g., speech and language processing, translation, summarization, multimedia presentation, content extraction, dialog tracking) both to report advances in human language technology, their application to knowledge management and to establish a road map for the Human Language Technologies for the next decade.  The road map will comprise an analysis of the present situation, a vision of where we want to be in ten years from now, and a number of inter-mediate milestones that would help in setting intermediate goals and in measuring our progress towards our goals.

The workshop was structured into two days, the first of which addressed new research in human language technology for knowledge management that addresses problems including but not limited to:

  • Expert Discovery:  Modeling, cataloguing and tracking of distributed organizations and communities of experts.
  • Knowledge Discovery:  Identification and classification of knowledge from unstructured multimedia data.
  • Knowledge Sharing: Awareness of and access to enterprise expertise and know-how.

Human language technology promises solutions to these challenges through technologies such as:

  • Automated retrieval, extraction, and enrichment of information and knowledge from multimedia, multilin-gual, and multiparty information sources.
  • Translingual or crosslingual retrieval, presentation, and sharing of knowledge.
  • Automated detection and tracking of emerging topics from unstructured multimedia data (e.g., documents, web, video news broadcasts).
  • Use of knowledge sources to facilitate knowledge mapping and access (e.g., lexicosemantic such as Word-Net, semantic such as geospatial Gazetteers, semistructured such as thesauri, encyclopedia, fact books)
  • Automated question-answering from heterogeneous source
  • Intelligent tools that support the automated bibliometrics and document analysis/understanding in support of discovery of distributed experts and communities of expertise
  • Summarization and presentation generation of knowledge (e.g., knowledge maps, lessons learned).
  • Modeling of user knowledge, beliefs, plans, (dis)abilities and preferences from queries, created artifacts, and human computer interactions.

The second day of the workshop targeted the formulation and refinement of a road map for the Human Language Technologies for the next decade.  Participants helped formulate grand challenge problems, discuss possible data sets and/or evaluation metrics/methods that could form the basis of more scientific methods, articulate the role of and necessary advances in human language technology to solve these challenges, as well as identify and characterize early innovations and issues (e.g., robustness, scalability, ontology, privacy).


Please note that this programme gives you access to

  • The slides of the invited talk by Steffen Staab (there is a brief abstract in the proceedings)
  • A corrected version of the paper by Nigel Dewdney et al (the version in the proceedings is corrupted)
  • A draft summary of the discussions (HTML needs reformatting)

Friday July 6, 2001

9:00 a.m. Welcome
Mark Maybury, Niels Ole Bernsen, and Steven Krauwer
9:15 a.m. Invited SpeakerKnowledge Portals
Steffen Staab
10:00 a.m. Human Language Technologies for Knowledge Management
Mark Maybury
10:30 a.m. Break
10:45 a.m. Invited Talk: Crosslingual Language Technologies for Knowledge Creation and Knowledge Sharing
Hans Uszkoreit
11:15 a.m. Using HLT for Acquiring, Retrieving and Publishing Knowledge in AKT
Kalina Bontcheva, Christopher Brewster, Fabio Ciravegna, Hamish Cunningham, Louise Guthrie, Robert Gaizauskas, and Yorick Wilks
11:45 a.m. Panel on HLT and KM Roadmap
Session Authors
12:15 p.m. Lunch
Ontology Construction
1:30 p.m Identification of Relevant Terms to Support the Construction of Domain Ontologies
Paola Velardi, Michele Missikoff, and Roberto Basili
2:00 p.m. Semi-Automatic Practical Ontology Construction by Using a Thesaurus, Computational Dictionaries, and Large Corpora
Sin-Jae Kang and Jong-Hyeok Lee
2:30 p.m. The Form is the Substance: Classification of Genres in Text
Nigel Dewdney, Carol VanEss-Dykema, and Richard MacMillan
3:00 p.m. Panel on Ontology Construction Roadmap
Session Authors
3.30 p.m. Break
Question Answering
4:00 p.m. Document Fusion for Comprehensive Event Description
Christof Monz
4:30 p.m. Gathering Knowledge for a Question Answering System from Heterogeneous Information Sources
Boris Katz, Jimmy Lin, and Sue Felshin
5:00 p.m Panel on Question Answering Roadmap
Session Authors
5:30 p.m. Poster Session
HLT Development in an African Context: Planning for the Next Decade in South Africa
Justus C. Roux
Open-Domain Question Answering on Heterogeneous Data
Chuan-Jie Lin, Hsin-His Chen, Che-Chia Liu, Jin-He Tsai, and Hong-Jia Wong
Traceability of Negotiation based on a Pragmatic Analysis
Nada Matta and Hassan Atifi
Multilingual Authoring: the NAMIC System Demonstration
Roberto Basili, Roberta Catizone Luis Padro, Maria Teresa Pazienza, German Rigau, Andrea Setzer, Nick Webb, Yorick Wilks,Fabio Massimo Zanzottomm

Saturday July 7, 2001

8:00 a.m. Welcome
8:15 a.m Invited Speaker - Supporting Organisational Learning through the Enrichment of Documents
J.B. Dominque
9:00 a.m. GIST-IT: Combining Linguistic and Machine Learning Techniques for Email Summarization
Evelyne Tzoukermann, Smaranda Muresan, and Judith Klavans
9:30 a.m. What are the points? What are the stances? Decanting for Question-driven Retrieval and Executive Summarization
Jean-François Delannoy
10:00 a.m. Panel on Summarization Roadmap
Session Authors
10.30 a.m. Break
Multilingual Processing
11:00 a.m. Multilingual Authoring: the NAMIC Approach
Roberto Basili, Roberta Catizone Luis Padro, Maria Teresa Pazienza, German Rigau, Andrea Setzer, Nick Webb, Yorick Wilks, and Fabio Massimo Zanzottomm
11:30 a.m. Automatic Augmentation of Translation Dictionary with Database Terminologies In Multilingual Query Interpretation
Hodong Lee and Jong C. Park
12:00 p.m. Panel on Multilingual Processing Roadmap
Session Authors
12:30 p.m. Lunch
Multimedia Processing and Dialog
1:30 p.m Adapting and Extending Lexical Resources in a Dialogue System
Ana García-Serrano , Paloma Martínez, and Luis Rodrigo
2:00 p.m Component-Based Multimodal Dialog Interfaces for Mobile Knowledge Creation
Georg Niklfeld
2:30 p.m. The Automatic Generation of Formal Annotations in a Multimedia Indexing and Searching Environment
Thierry Declerck, Peter Wittenburg, and Hamish Cunningham
3:00 p.m. Panel on Multimedia Processing Roadmap
Session Authors
3:30 p.m. Human Language Technology and Knowledge Management – Final Roadmap Session
Mark Maybury, Hans Uszkoreit, Steven Krauwer
5:00 p.m Close

Program Committee

  • Dr. Mark Maybury (Chair), The MITRE Corporation, maybury@mitre.org
  • Niels Ole Bernsen (Co-chair), University of Southern Denmark, nob@nis.sdu.dk
  • Steven Krauwer, ELSNET, U. Utrecht, steven.krauwer@let.uu.nl
  • Irma Becerra-Fernandez, Florida International University, becferi@fiu.edu
  • Paul Heisterkamp, Daimler-Chrysler Research Ulm, paul.heisterkamp@daimlerchrysler.com
  • Arjan van Hessen, COMSYS / U. Twente, hessen@cs.utwente.nl
  • Pierre Isabelle, XEROX Grenoble, pierre.isabelle@xrce.xerox.com
  • Enrico Motta, The Open University, e.motta@open.ac.uk
  • Jose Pardo, ELSNET, Univ.Politecnica Madrid, pardo@die.upm.es
  • Oliviero Stock, IRST Trento, stock@itc.it
  • Henry Thompson HCRC LTG, University of Edinburgh, ht@cogsci.ed.ac.uk
  • Hans Uszkoreit, DFKI Saarbruecken, uszkoreit@dfki.de
  • Yorick Wilks, University of Sheffield, yorick@dcs.shef.ac.uk
  • Rick Wojcik, Boeing Phantom Works, richard.h.wojcik@boeing.com
  • Antonio Zampolli, ELSNET, U. Pisa, pisa@ilc.pi.cnr.it

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