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Category:   E-Material
Subject:   New paper on integrating and ranking the evidence for biochemical pathways by mining reactions from text
Email:   Paul.Thompson_(on)_manchester.ac.uk
Date received:   27 Jun 2013

A method for integrating and ranking the evidence for biochemical pathways by mining reactions from text Makoto Miwa, Tomoko Ohta, Rafal Rak, Andrew Rowley, Douglas B. Kell, Sampo Pyysalo and Sophia Ananiadou Bioinformatics 2013, 29(13), i44-i52 and Proceedings of ISMB 2013 http://bioinformatics.oxfordjournals.org/content/29/13/i44.abstract Abstract ======= Motivation --------------- To create, verify and maintain pathway models, curators must discover and assess knowledge distributed over the vast body of biological literature. Methods supporting these tasks must understand both the pathway model representations and the natural language in the literature. These methods should identify and order documents by relevance to any given pathway reaction. No existing system has addressed all aspects of this challenge. Method ----------- We present novel methods for associating pathway model reactions with relevant publications. Our approach extracts the reactions directly from the models and then turns them into queries for three text mining-based MEDLINE literature search systems. These queries are executed, and the resulting documents are combined and ranked according to their relevance to the reactions of interest. We manually annotate document-reaction pairs with the relevance of the document to the reaction and use this annotation to study several ranking methods, using various heuristic and machine-learning approaches. Results ---------- Our evaluation shows that the annotated document-reaction pairs can be used to create a rule-based document ranking system, and that machine learning can be used to rank documents by their relevance to pathway reactions. We find that a Support Vector Machine-based system outperforms several baselines and matches the performance of the rule-based system. The success of the query extraction and ranking methods are used to update our existing pathway search system, PathText. Availability -------------- An online demonstration of PathText 2 and the annotated corpus are available for research purposes at http://www.nactem.ac.uk/pathtext2/. -------- Paul Thompson Research Associate School of Computer Science National Centre for Text Mining Manchester Institute of Biotechnology University of Manchester 131 Princess Street Manchester M1 7DN UK Tel: 0161 306 3091 http://personalpages.manchester.ac.uk/staff/Paul.Thompson/ __________________________________________ - ELSNET mailing list Elsnet-list_(at)_elsnet.org - To manage your subscription go to: http://mailman.elsnet.org/mailman/listinfo/elsnet-list

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